B. Tech Petroleum Engineering is an interesting field of engineering offering various specialization courses that deal with the production of hydrocarbons, which can either be natural gas or crude oil. The technical field of petroleum engineering requires having a detailed understanding of the physical properties of oil, gas, and water along with the process of oil exploration and processing of crude oils.
Generally, petroleum engineering overlaps with other major engineering courses, such as mechanical, chemical and civil. The course covers a wide spectrum of diverse topics including, but not limited to, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Economics, Thermodynamics, and others.
B.Tech Petroleum engineering requires a minimum 10+2 basic qualification in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry stream with a high percentage of marks. One can also pursue M.Tech in petroleum engineering after the successful completion of B.Tech and can also opt for research-based studies after post- graduation. Some universities also offer an integrated five-year course where one can earn both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree.
The demand for petroleum engineers, both at public sector as well as private sector, is quite high all world over due to the high need for hydrocarbons as a fuel source. Petroleum engineers get a wonderful chance to work for some of the biggest companies namely Reliance Industries Ltd., ONGC, Schlumberger, Shell, OIL, Gas Authority of India Ltd., British Gas, Halliburton Services, Essar Oil, etc.
|Eligibility for the Program||10+2 with 50% marks or more|
|Duration of the Program||4 Years|
|2 Major Specializations under this course||Petroleum Upstream Engineering and Petroleum downstream Engineering|
|Entrance Exams||JEE Main, UPESEAT|
|Average Tuition Fee||3 Lakh INR to 4 Lakh INR for 4 years|
|Average Salary Package for Entry Level Positions||20,000 to 30,000 INR per month|
|Top Recruiters||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL), Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC), Essar Oil, Gujarat Gas Co Ltd (GGCL), GAIL (India) Ltd, Petronet LNG Ltd, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)|
Petroleum engineering is one of the highest paid engineering courses. This discipline of engineering involves designing and developing methods to extract oil and gas deposits below the earth’s surface. Basically, a petroleum engineer, during the course, learns the innovative process of extraction such as mining, drilling, etc. In simple words, a petroleum engineer is recruited by oil or gas companies to implement the efficient methodology for extracting petroleum products from the earth and seafloor.
There are two major specializations under the discipline of petroleum engineering:
Other than these 2 major specializations, there are three sub-branches of petroleum engineering:
The rapid increase in demand for oil all over the world and scarcity of the oil wells especially in developing countries has led to the surge pricing of oil. High oil prices mean an increase in exploration and production of oil, hence, a greater demand for experienced petroleum engineers. The advantages of this course are given below:-
Travelling is one of the perks for the petroleum engineers, since they have to be on site or offshore for either drilling or mining process. They get to explore the remote locations in India and abroad.
Even though petroleum engineers have a challenging job, the work involves high intellect and skills to pan out an ideal plan for the extraction process and dealing with numbers. One has to work in laboratories with advanced equipment most of the times to extract best results.
Petroleum engineers enjoy great benefits with excellent pay and an above average package than a basic engineer. Typically, the starting salary for a petroleum engineer lies within the range of 25,000 INR to 40,000 INR on a monthly basis. The package increases with years of experience and education. Along with that, they are rewarded with paid time off, numerous retirement plans, great health insurance packages since they work at mines and dangerous sites.
During the first year of the course, generally, a student will have to study the common engineering subjects and subjects mainly focusing on petroleum engineering (petroleum, oil, and natural gas) are introduced by the beginning of the second year with additional lab work and workshop session. Besides that, the course includes industrial visits and project work in the last semester.
|Common Engineering Subjects||Petroleum Engineering Subjects|
|Engineering Mathematics||Engineering Mathematics (3rd part, recurring subject)|
|Engineering Physics||Engineering Measurement and Control|
|Engineering Graphics/Drawing||Thermodynamics of Reservoir Fluids|
|Elements of Electrical Engineering||Energy Resources|
|Elements of Civil Engineering||Petroleum Geology|
|Elements of Mechanical Engineering||Earth Science|
|Mechanics of Solids||Petroleum Exploration|
|Communication Skills||Drilling Fluids|
|Computer Programing and Utilization||Strength of Material|
|Workshop||Drilling and Well Completion|
|Upstream Sector Important Subjects||Downstream Sector Important Subjects|
|Petroleum Production Engineering||Petroleum Processing Operations|
|Natural Gas Engineering||Transportation|
|Reservoir Engineering||Natural Gas Processing|
|Surface Production Engineering||Polymer Science|
|Advanced Drilling||Petrochemical Engineering (recurring subject)|
|Pumps and Compressors||Petroleum Refinery Engineering|
|Machines and Equipment||Product Testing|
|Equipment Design||Equipment Design|
|Reservoir Management||Marketing (of Petroleum Products)|
|Reservoir Modelling||Chemical Reaction Engineering|
|Artificial Lift Techniques||Pipeline Engineering|
Below are some of the introductory books for B.Tech.Petroleum Engineering course:
B. Tech Petroleum Engineering offers numerous career options for those who are interested in studying the extraction process of oil and gas and possess analytical and conceptualization skills. One of the main opportunities for a petroleum engineer lies in working in a recognized refinery. Some of the top-notch private refineries are Reliance Refinery (Jamnagar), Essar (Jamnagar), Cochin Refinery etc. and public government enterprises such as ONGC and OIL.
Some of the jobs after the successful completion of the B. Tech Petroleum Engineering degree are:
High oil prices will always be a determining factor for job opportunities in this sector. There are always vacancies in Gulf regions with oil companies looking for a skilled petroleum engineer. Salary is also very attractive in the petroleum sector jobs. The more experience, the better salary.
Petroleum engineers are among the highest paid engineers across the various technical courses. The average salary for a petroleum engineer is Rs 825,414 per year, according to Pay scale estimates. Experience and knowledge strongly influences income for this job. Remuneration offered in this particular field is very high in abroad. In United States, average salary is $104000 annually for a petroleum engineer.