B.Tech Petrochemical Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate degree course. The admission eligibility asks for a pass in 12th grade with a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry.
It is a specialized branch of Chemical Engineering that deals with the production and refining of petroleum, natural gases, and crude oils. The course takes up four years for completion or in some cases three and half years, depending on the internship.
There are numerous reputed institutes that specialize in Petrochemical Engineering. It is mandatory to apply for and qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E) to be eligible for admissions in the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT).
There is a rising demand for petroleum engineers, at all levels, from both the public and private sector companies and organizations. This clearly shows the innumerable career opportunities in the field of petroleum engineering. The field is always in short supply of qualified entry-level professionals, making it one of the most reliable fields of engineering. The average salary for Industrial Biotechnologists ranges from INR 3, 60, 000 to INR 4, 80,000.
|Eligibility for the Program||10+2 with 50% marks or more (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)|
|Duration of the Program||4 Years|
|2 Major Specializations under this course||Petroleum Upstream Engineering and Petroleum Downstream Engineering|
|Entrance Exams||JEE Mains, BITSAT, SRMJEEE, and UPSEE|
|Average Tuition Fee||3 Lakh INR to 5 Lakh INR|
|Average Salary Package for Entry Level Positions||30,000 to 45,000 INR per month|
|Top Positions||Principal Petroleum Engineer, Operations Manager, Engineering Services. Oil and gas extraction, Petroleum and coal products manufacturing, Support activities for mining|
The term petrochemical refers to the organic chemicals which are obtained directly or indirectly from crude petroleum. It is the task of a petrochemical engineer to discover and extract these natural sources of oil, from the earth, refine them and make it usable. Petroleum engineering can be broken down into two major parts, the upstream sector, and the downstream sector.
The course structure for B.Tech in Petrochemical Engineering is same as any other B.Tech courses with subjects based on science and other electives are spread over 8 semesters, with a more focused course structure dealing with subjects related to chemical and mechanical engineering. The syllabus for B.Tech Petrochemical Engineering prescribed by and followed by the various Institutes and Universities that offer the course are spread over in the 8 semesters.
|Engineering Mathematics – I||Basics of Electrical and Electronics Engineering||Numerical Methods|
|Engineering Physics – I||Engineering Mathematics–II||Petroleum Geology|
|Engineering Chemistry – I||Engineering Physics–II||Fluid & Solid-fluid Operations|
|Basic Civil Engineering||Engineering Chemistry–II||Fluid Flow Operations|
|Energy and Environmental Engineering||Engineering Mechanics||Process Calculations|
|Engineering Graphics||Petrochemical Engineering: Programming & Software||Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics|
|Introduction to Petrochemical Engineering||Engineering Mathematics-III||Heat Transfer Operations|
|Petrochemical Engineering – I||Inorganic Chemical Technology||Petrochemical Engineering – II|
|Process Plant Utilities & Safety||Mass Transfer Operations – I||Chemical Engineering Laboratory – II|
|Chemical Engineering Laboratory – I||Optimization Techniques||Petrochemical Engineering Laboratory – I|
|Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics - II||Elective –II||Mass Transfer Operations – II|
|Chemical Reaction Engineering – I||Chemical Engineering Laboratory – III||Process Economics and Project Management|
|Process Instrumentation||Petrochemical Engineering Laboratory – II||Process Equipment Design & Drawing|
|Chemistry of Petroleum Hydrocarbons||Chemical Reaction Engineering – II||Petrochemical Processes –I|
|Elective – III||Process Dynamics and Control||Chemical Engineering Laboratory IV|
|Petrochemical Synthesis Laboratory||Process Equipment Design & Drawing Laboratory||Transport Phenomena|
|Pollution Control in Process Industries||Process Design, Flow Sheeting & Simulation||Petrochemical Processes – II|
|Chemical Engineering Laboratory||Introduction to Petrochemical Engineering||-|
B.Tech Petrochemical Engineering: Who should opt?
Any student with a passion for science, chemistry, in particular, having an interest in the field of engineering can choose this stream of engineering as a profession. Young engineers who have the ability to think outside the box and a keen eye for details and challenging jobs would make efficient in the field of Petrochemical Engineering. A job profile that lets you solve problems no one knew existed. The truth, however, is that you are pushing back the edge of science and solving problems that never existed before.
With the development of new technology every passing day, Petroleum Engineering has become prominent in the processes of extraction and refinement and marketing of petroleum products. The improvements in the techniques of computer modeling, the application of statistics, probability analysis, and the development of new innovative technologies like horizontal drilling and enhanced oil recovery, have also improved the toolbox of the petroleum engineer in recent decades. The demand for petrochemical engineers is always high and there is shortage always a shortage of talented engineers.
Employment of petroleum engineers is projected to grow a minimum of 10 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations, in engineering and others. Oil and natural gas prices will be a major determinant of employment growth. As many petroleum engineers work in oil and gas extraction, any changes in oil prices will likely affect employment levels of petrochemical engineers.
Inflation in prices can cause oil and gas companies to drill in deeper waters and in less hospitable environments and return to existing wells to experiment new extraction methods. Oil drilling operations will likely become more complex in the upcoming future and will require more engineers to work on each drilling operation. Demand for petroleum engineers in support activities for mining will slowly climb, as oil and gas companies find it convenient and cost-effective to seek their services when the need arises.
There are various industries that offer a potential career for Petrochemical engineers. A few of them are:
The salary for engineers specialized in Petrochemical Engineering varies from INR 3, 60,000 to INR 4, 80,000 in India, where the demand is normal. However, in abroad the demand for petroleum engineers is ever so high and the salary package amounts to a good number. Petroleum Engineers can get themselves employed in various fields suiting to their specialization and interest and gets promoted from trainees and work independently on various projects.