Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Mechanical Engineering) 

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate course and is one of the most sought-after degree courses in engineering stream. The eligibility to take admission in this course is 10+2 pass or equivalent. Admission process for the same is generally entrance-exam based. 

JEE MainBITSATCOMEDKUPSEE, VITEEE, SRMJEEE are some such entrance exams conducted for admission to various Mechanical Engineering colleges. Mechanical Engineering is the oldest branch of engineering. 

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering is the branch of engineering that involves production, designing, and operations of machines. The course objective of mechanical engineering is to prepare students for applying the principles of mechanical engineering for designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. 

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: Course Highlights

    Mentioned below are some of the major highlights of Mechanical Engineering degree in India. 

    Course Level



    4 years (5 years in case of dual degree)

    Examination Type

    Semester System


    10+2 or equivalent

    Admission Process

    Counselling after taking entrance test or direct admission

    Major Entrance Tests


    Course Fee

    INR 4 Lacs to 10 Lacs

    Average Starting salary

    INR 2.5 Lacs to 7 Lacs

    Top recruiting companies

    L&T, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors and others such

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: What is it About?

    First thing any engineering aspirant considers while choosing a branch in Engineering is placement aspect and the course very well caters to it. A few questions which arise when admissions to engineering colleges commence include the branch in demand, highest paid engineering graduates and others such.  Apart from this palcement criteria, there are some other parameters which should be considered while choosing a discipline like- what are the research opportunities, what is scope of career growth etc.

    Mechanical Engineering is the evergreen branch of engineering. Market scenario and demand of engineering graduates change every year but the demand of mechanical engineering degree will never be obsolete. Mechanical engineering graduates can find placements in almost every sector, right from construction sector to steel industry and from automobile to software.

    Following are the sub disciplines that are associated with mechanical engineering:

    • Production Engineering
    • Industrial Engineering
    • Manufacturing Engineering
    • Automobile Engineering

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering:

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: Eligibility 

    Candidates willing to apply for Mechanical Engineering degree need to fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.

    • 10+2 or equivalent qualification from a recognized board
    • Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry/Biotechnology, language and any other subject at 10+2 level
    • Minimum aggregate score of 50% at 10+2 level
    • All reserved category students have a 5% relaxation in minimum aggregate

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: Admission Process

    There are about 4300 engineering colleges in India. Admission to most of the engineering institutes is done on the basis of one of the several entrance tests conducted at national and state level. Some private institutes also conduct their own entrance test. However, some institutes also offer direct admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam or on the basis of management quota.

    Basic admission process in different engineering institutes is explained below. 

    10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) is the basic requirement to take admission in any BE/B.Tech program. Percentage required in qualifying exam is 50% for most of the engineering institutes. For some top prestigious institutes like IITs, NITs or BITS the percentage criteria extends to 60%.

    Following is the criteria for admission through different modes:

    Direct Admission- Engineering institutes which offer direct admission have certain criteria for admission. Either they offer admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam i.e. 10+2 or equivalent or there are some management seats reserved in private engineering colleges. For management quota the fee structure is generally higher than others.

    Direct Admission for Diploma holders- Various engineering colleges in India also offer direct admission to ITI diploma holders in second year of the course.


    Entrance Exams- There are several entrance exams in India at national and state level. Some private institutes like SRM University, BITS Pilani, VIT University etc conduct their separate entrance test. Some main national level and state level engineering entrance tests are below-

    Exam Name

    Level/Conducted By


    JEE Main

    National level/ CBSE

    NITs, IIITs, Most of the institutes accept JEE Main Score

    JEE Advanced




    National/BITS Pilani

    BITS Pilani all campuses


    National/SRM University

    SRM University all cmapuses



    All engineering colleges of Karnataka

    B.Tech Mechanical Engineering: Syllabus and Course Description

    Mechanical Engineering course structure is designed in such a way, that one would learn theoretical and practical knowledge of different fields that are covered in the study of mechanical engineering. The main subjects areas are- Strength of Materials, Materials Science, Thermodynamics, IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Automobile Engineering etc.

    In most of the engineering institutes, first year of every branch has common subjects. Second year onwards the specialization starts. Thus, the first year courses are similar for everyone.

    Following is the basic course structure in most of the engineering institutes in India-

    Mechanical engineering basically involves study of core concepts of mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. Apart from that there are some tools that are studied to enhance the skills of mechanical engineering.

    Core Subjects of Mechanical Engineering

    Following are some core subjects of mechanical engineering which are taught in most of the engineering colleges in India. However this is not the complete list of subjects, it may differ from institute to institute-

    • Strength of Materials
    • Thermodynamics
    • Manufacturing Process
    • Fluid Mechanics
    • Machine Design
    • Heat and Mass Transfer
    • Theory of Machines
    • IC Engines
    • CAD/CAM
    • Automobile Engineering
    • Power Plant Engineering
    • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

    Lab Subjects

    Lab practicals and workshops are the most essential part of mechanical engineering course. Following are the subjects which are studied under laboratories of mechanical engineering- 

    • Materials science and testing Lab
    • Machine Design
    • Thermodynamics Lab
    • Heat and Mass Transfer Lab
    • IC Engine Lab
    • Computer Aided Design
    • Workshops

    Elective subjects

    Apart from core subjects, there are some elective subjects in each semester. Some common elective subjects are-

    • Materials Science
    • Discrete Mathematics
    • Fluid Machinery
    • Non-Conventional Energy Resources
    • Advanced Welding Technology
    • Mechanical System Design

    Above subjects and electives are taken from some universities' curriculum. This is not the complete syllabus of Mechanical engineering. This will give you a general idea about mechanical engineering course syllabus.