Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech]

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Instrumentation Engineering Institutes and Scope

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate course. The basic eligibility for pursuing B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering is to pass 12th standard with a minimum of 60% aggregate. Also, they must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as major subjects.

The average tuition fee for this course is INR 1.2 Lacs- INR 3.8 Lacs.

It involves the study of automated systems and maintenance of instruments used in various manufacturing agencies. It is considered to be a fusion of Electrical, Electronics and Measurement Engineering.

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering can get jobs as a lecturer, Associate Professor, Instrumentation Engineer, Control and Instrumentation Engineer, Technical Consultant, Trainee Draftsman. One can also get employed in the government sector. Companies which hire Instrumentation Engineering students are NTPC, GAIL, ABB, HPCL, IOCL, SAIL, GE, BHEL, Bosch, L&T, Suzlon etc. The average salary for an entry-level instrumentation engineer ranges from INR 3 Lacs to 5 Lacs per annum.

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering: What is it about?

In layman’s term Instrumentation Engineering includes the following processes: -

B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering

  • Measure the incoming data from sensors
  • Monitor the physical properties such as temperature, heat etc.
  • Control the process using controllers such as PID Controllers and algorithms such as DCS systems.

Skills required to apply for B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering

  • Understanding the working of various instruments by reading the specific manuals
  • Knowledge of how to handle basic & detailed configuration of SMART Instruments
  • Should be able to install, mount, caliber, rearrange various instruments
  • Loop Testing / Panel Testing / Loop checking are few of the required skills
  • PLC Programming & Testing knowledge

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering: Eligibility Criteria 

  • A student should pass 10+2 standard with 60% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics for taking admission in Instrumentation Engineering course. Most of the institutes ask for a rank scored in any relevant entrance exam. Some of the institutes also hold above 70% criteria in class 12.

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering: Admission Process

  • Students have to clear any one of the entrance exams for engineering courses like JEE Main and JEE AdvancedCOMEDK UGETfor taking admission. After getting a rank, students have to go through the counselling process by the respective authorities which may also include an interview. On the basis of rank obtained by the candidates, seats are offered. Also, some universities give direct admissions to the students on merit basis.

    Entrance Exams

    The exam pattern is similar for most of the entrance exams. There are 3 sections viz., Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Questions are framed on class 11 and 12 syllabuses. Duration of the exam is 3 hours.

    Below are listed a number of B.Tech entrance exams conducted in India:-

    Exam NameLevel/Conducted ByAccepting Colleges
    JEE MainNational level/ CBSENITs, IIITs (most of the institutes accept JEE Main Score)
    JEE AdvancedNational/IITsIITs
    COMEDK UGETCOMEDKAll engineering colleges of Karnataka
    SRMJEEESRM UniversitySRM Campuses
    BITSATBITS PilaniBITS campuses

Selection Process

  • Candidates are selected on the basis of their performance in the entrance exam and 12th board. For e.g. in JEE Main candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their marks in the exam. The top 2 lakh candidates are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced. Candidates should note that for any academic session, JEE Main score will be accepted for admission in B.E./B.Tech programme throughout the country. However, some states such as COMEDK UGET conduct their own entrance tests.

    Direct Admission

    On the basis of marks scored in the 10+2 exams and management quota seats, students are given direct admission in the engineering institutes.  Students with 45% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are eligible for direct admission in B.Tech. Some colleges which offer direct admission in B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering are Greater Kolkata College of Engineering & Management (Kolkata), Pailan College of Management & Technology ( Kolkata), Netaji Subhash Engineering College (Kolkata).

    Lateral Entry

    Students, after completion of their diploma course, can take admission directly in the 3rd semester of B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering through lateral entry. Some colleges also conduct entrance tests for lateral entry. Students with minimum 60% marks (eligibility criteria can vary institute wise) in the diploma are eligible to take admissions in the B.Tech course.

    Following institutes offers lateral entry.

    • College of Engineering, Perumon.
    • College of Engineering, Pathanapuram Karunya University.
    • Cochin University of Science and Technology.
    • Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology.

    Distance mode of education

    Some Universities also offer B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering education in distance mode. 

    • Lovely Professional University Distance Education
    • Amity University
    • Sikkim Manipal University
    • Jaipur National University

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering: Syllabus and Course Description

    • The course structure for most of the B.Tech programmes are similar. The subjects taught in 1st semester is common for all the programmes. It includes subjects such as Engineering Mathematics, Digital Electronics, Software Engineering. In rest of the semesters, topics related to specific specialization are taught.

      Candidates can check the complete syllabus of B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering below:-

      Semester I

      Semester II

      Semester III

      Semester IV

      Engineering Mathematics –I

      Engineering Mathematics –II

      Engineering Mathematics-III

      Engineering Mathematics-IV (Elective – I)

      Engineering Physics

      Engineering Chemistry

      Electronics Devices and Circuits

      Linear Integrated Circuits

      Introduction to Computers & Programming

      Elements of Electrical Engineering

      Circuit Theory

      Signals and Systems

      Elements of Mechanical Engineering

      Engineering Mechanics

      Electrical Machines

      Digital Electronics and Logic Design

      Engineering Drawing

      Environmental Studies (Audit)

      Human Values and Professional Ethics

      Electrical and Electronics Measurements

      Workshop Practice


      Sensors and Transducers


      Semester V

      Semester VI

      Semester VII

      Semester VIII

      Feedback Control Systems

      Process Control

      Instrumentation Component Design

      Modern Control Theory

      Power Electronics

      Microcontrollers and Digital Signal Processors

      Instrumentation Project Management

      Industrial Management

      Digital Signal Processing

      Biomedical Instrumentation

      Distributed Control Systems

      Embedded System Design

      Chemical and Analytical Instrumentation 

      Control System Components

      PC based Instrumentation


      Microprocessor Based Instrumentation

      Power Plant Instrumentation and Unit Operation


      Project Work-II

      Principles of Communication Engineering

      Data Communication for Automation

      Seminar on Industrial Training


List of Electives:

      • Complex Analysis
      • Statistics and Probability
      • Numerical Methods
      • Discrete Mathematics
      • Wireless Sensors Network
      • Instrumentation for Agriculture and Food Processing
      • Mechatronics
      • Biomedical Signals and Processing
      • Optoelectronics Instrumentation
      • Introduction to MEMS
      • Advanced Sensors
      • Virtual Instrumentation
      • Digital Image Processing
      • Neural Network and Fuzzy Logic based Control System
      • Digital Control
      • Process Modeling and Optimization

B.Tech Instrumentation Engineering: Career Prospects

    • Instrumentation Engineering students have very bright future. They can work in private as well as public sector companies. Instrumentation Engineers can get jobs as lecturer, instrumentation engineer, assistant professors, proposal instrumentation engineer. Students, after completing M.Tech and Ph.D. in this field can apply for jobs in the education sector and can also opt for research work.

      Students of Instrumentation Engineering can apply for various job profiles, following being a few of them

      DesignationDescription of job profile
      LecturerThe job of the lecturer is to do teaching, research work and duties related to administration. Lecturer ensure the regular checking and assessment of the work submitted by the students. They take the staff work meetings under their control for the required improvement in the department. Managing research budget is the duty of the lecturer.
      Lead Instrumentation EngineerTo supervise Instrument Engineer, prioritize and assign work to the them. Train technicians in the operation and maintenance of facility class instruments and related equipment. Maintain commitment to a high standard of safety, comply with all safety laws and WMKO safety policies/rules, and report actual and potential safety violations to appropriate supervisory or management personnel.
      Electrical and Instrumentation EngineerTo check the electricity and its consumption in coordination with maintenance manager. They supervise electrical and control equipment suppliers and recommend the technical material as per the requirement of the project. Electrical and instrumentation engineer keep a check on the performance of the lineman. They recommend management solutions regarding the requirement of the line technician and for the suspension of the line technician if he is not doing good at his site. 

      Control and Instrumentation Engineer

      To ensure that the instruments installed in the plants work smoothly and efficiently. Control and Instrumentation Engineer perform the research related to the project and also prepare the budget of the project. They design, develop and install the equipment required in the power plant projects, manufacturing industries etc. 

      Following are the top companies in India which hire Instrumentation Engineers: -

      • National Instruments
      • ABB
      • L&T
      • Bosch
      • Invensys
      • GE
      • Suzlon
      • Apna Technologies
      • Whirlybird
      • Essar

      Following are some of the PSU companies which hire Instrumentation Engineer: -

      • National Aluminum Companies Limited (NALCO)
      • Gas authority of India Limited (GAIL).
      • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL).
      • National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (HPCL).
      • India Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL).
      • Steel authority of India Limited. (SAIL)
      • Vizag Steel Plant.